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Announcements

Carter G. Woodson  

Carter G. Woodson-  

  • An African-American writer and historian 
  • Known as the "Father of Black History Month."  Woodson lobbied schools and organizations to participate in a special program to encourage the study of African-American history, which began in February 1926 with Negro History Week. The program was later expanded and renamed Black History Month. (Woodson had chosen February for the initial week long celebration to honor the birth months of abolitionist Frederick Douglass and President Abraham Lincoln.)
  • One of the first African Americans to receive a doctorate from Harvard
  • Dedicated his career to the field of African-American history and lobbied extensively to establish Black History Month as a nationwide institution.
  • He also wrote wrote many historical works, including the 1933 book "The Mis-Education of the Negro."
  • He died in Washington D.C., in 1950. 

 Edmonia Lewis

Edmonia Lewis-
The first professional African-American and Native-American sculptor, Edmonia Lewis earned critical praise for work that explored religious and classical themes.
JC Owens  
JC "Jesse" Owens 

·American track-and-field athlete 

·Won four gold medals at the 1936 Berlin, Germany Olympic Games.

·His long jump world record stood for 25 years.

·Was not properly recognized for his accomplishments until 1976 by President Gerald Ford who awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom

 
 Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson  

· Deemed one of the finest contraltos of her time

· The first African American to perform with the New York Metropolitan Opera in 1955. 

· She also performed at the Lincoln Memorial in 1939, helping set the stage for the civil rights era.

 George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver-

·Born into slavery in Diamond, Missouri, around 1864. The exact year and date of his birth are unknown. 

·Carver went on to become one of the most prominent scientists and inventors of his time, as well as a teacher at the Tuskegee Institute. 

·Carver devised over 100 products using one major crop—the peanut—including dyes, plastics and gasoline. 

·Became interested in sweet potatoes,-Products he invented using sweet potatoes include: wood fillers, more than 73 dyes, rope, breakfast cereal, synthetic silk, shoe polish, Laundry Soap, Sweeping Compound and molasses.

 Ottis Redding
 Otis Redding
Singer-songwriter Otis Redding was born on September 9, 1941, in Dawson, Georgia. He was discovered after recording "These Arms of Mine. became the voice of soul music. As his career was taking off, he died in a plane crash on December 10, 1967. The song "(Sittin' on) The Dock of the Bay" became his first and only No. 1 hit in 1968.  When he was 5 years old, Redding's family moved to Macon, Georgia, where he grew up listening to the music of Sam Cooke and Little Richard.
Macon-Washington Memorial Library  
 

The Washington Memorial Library

·Local Black History facts:
Located at 1180 Washington Ave, this library offers an extensive African-American Heritage collection considered one of the best in the Southeast.

·The collection, which began in 1959, contains rare genealogical, archival and biographical information.

 Chuck Berry
 Chuck Berry

Chuck Berry was one of the most popular and influential performers of rhythm-and-blues and rock 'n' roll music during the 1950s, '60s and '70s.  In 1985, he received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. A year later, in 1986, he became the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's first inductee.  He's known for songs like "Johnny B. Goode" and "My Ding-a-Ling."

 
Garret Morgan  
 Garret Morgan

With only an elementary school education, Garrett Morgan, born in Kentucky on March 4, 1877, began his career as a sewing-machine mechanic. He went on to patent several inventions, including an improved sewing machine and traffic signal, a hair-straightening product (relaxer), and a respiratory device that would later provide the blueprint for WWI gas masks. The inventor died on July 27, 1963, in Cleveland, Ohio.  Garret patented a breathing device in 1914 and 2 years later with the help of his brother, used the device to help rescue 2 lives and recover 4 bodies from the Cleveland tunnel explosion.  Despite his heroic efforts, the publicity that Morgan garnered from the incident hurt sales; the public was now fully aware that Morgan was an African American, and many refused to purchase his products. Adding to the detriment, neither the inventor nor his brother were fully recognized for their heroic efforts at Lake Erie—possibly another effect of racial discrimination. Morgan was nominated for a Carnegie Medal for his efforts, but ultimately wasn't chosen to receive the award. Additionally, some reports of the explosion named others as the rescuers.

 Billie Holiday
 Billie Holiday

Jazz vocalist Billie Holiday was born April 7, 1915, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Considered one of the best jazz vocalists of all time, Holiday had a thriving career as a jazz singer for many years and in 1937 she became one of the very first black women to work with a white orchestra.  Her autobiography was made into the 1972 film Lady Sings the Blues. In 2000, Billie Holiday was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

 George Crum
George Crum 
The son of an African-American father and a Native American mother, Crum was working as the chef in the summer of 1853 when he incidentally invented the chip. It all began when a patron who ordered a plate of French-fried potatoes sent them back to Crum's kitchen because he felt they were too thick and soft.

To teach the picky patron a lesson, Crum sliced a new batch of potatoes as thin as he possibly could, and then fried them until they were hard and crunchy. Finally, to top them off, he added a generous heaping of salt. To Crum's surprise, the dish ended up being a hit with the patron and a new snack was born!

Years later, Crum opened his own restaurant that had a basket of potato chips on every table. Though Crum never attempted to patent his invention, the snack was eventually mass-produced and sold in bags – providing thousands of jobs nationwide.

http://www.black-inventor.com/George-Crum.asp

 Phillip Downing
 Philip Downing

In 1891, anyone interested in mailing a letter would have to make the long trip to the post office. Philip B. Downing designed a metal box with four legs which he patented on October 27, 1891. He called his device a street letter box and it is the predecessor of today’s mailbox.  One year earlier, Downing patented an electrical switch for railroads which allowed railroad workers to supply or shut off power to trains at appropriate times. Based on this design, innovators would later create electrical switches such as light switches used in the home.

http://blackinventor.com/philip-downing/

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